The Meaning, Key Components and Structures of Information-Security Systems

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Information Security systems are the various data sets of inter-related IT procedures. The IT procedures together with the IT infrastructure is used to generate and distribute the desired information for controlling, monitoring and disclosing the information to all stakeholders.

The IT and data systems are designed so that they can support the decision making the process by all stakeholders of the business enterprise to attain its goals and objectives.

The Information Security system gets data and other resources of IT infrastructure as input from the environment and processes them to satisfy the information needs of different entities associated with the business enterprise.

Statistical data and sets of instructions so that the hardware and software can function

The key components of Information Security System are hardware, software, data, procedures, people and communication. The equipment includes all peripherals, including servers, routers, monitors, printers and storage devices. The software then gathers, organises and manipulates data and carries out instructions.

The data component of Information Security is the vital material part of an information system, where the statistical data, sets of instructions, or any others business or even animations so that the hardware and software can function. Procedures are the rules, descriptions and guidelines that describe how to use the hardware, software and data.

People design and operate Information Security and ultimately responsible for success or failure. Communication is the connectivity that allows one computer to communicate with another by using all of the Information Security components that account for:

  • Decisions process to observe and review the results
  • Transactions and processing of the data is recognised, processed and executed through the systems and programs
  • Information and its flow can distinguish transactions and its data flow
  • Individuals or functions involved in the processing functions to determine the quality of the Business-Information.

How to absorb the inevitable changes and the information-security needs

Management Information Systems control the use of IT resources and the feedback that provide useful clues for increasing the benefits of information systems to business decisions. The Information Security systems are sub-systems of business system that serve the functionality, feedback and control in the Information Security system.

Features and Characteristics of Information Security System are:

  1. The Information Security systems are subject to the dynamics of the business environment and must be flexible to absorb the inevitable changes in the information needs ofthe business to be efficient and satisfy the demanding requirements of the business managers and to balance the conflicting objectives when designing Information Security systems.
  2. Information Security systems need to be proactive. They should anticipate changes in the information needs of users and accordingly adapt themselves to suit their needs. Managers must make an informed choice rather than imitating what competitors are doing or planning to do.
  3. The purpose of an Information Security system is to cater to the information needs for decision making in business.
  4. The Information Security systems have to be designed keeping in view the availability of financial and human resources to the business enterprise.
  5. The cost-effectiveness is a matter of prime concern in the development and maintenance of Information Security systems. The economic justification for investment in IT infrastructure for Information Security systems is a pre-condition for its existence and sustenance.

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